The Case for Round Bales: A Kristull Chronicle

Let’s start at the end of our quest instead of the beginning: A round bale with a hay net requires less time to feed daily, uses less hay per horse, keeps horses happier because it provides more natural forage, and will reduce your own stress level as horses calm down and stop worrying themselves and… Read More The Case for Round Bales: A Kristull Chronicle

Horse Health: The Case Against Stalling

There are many reasons why a horse is stalled. Most of them are fallacious. (based on a mistaken belief. synonyms: erroneous, false, untrue, wrong, incorrect, flawed, inaccurate, mistaken, misinformed, misguided). Horses are herd animals. They experience psychological insecurity when removed or isolated from other herd members. This can lead to instability of temperament and the… Read More Horse Health: The Case Against Stalling

Horse Health: Sweet Itch

Sweet Itch is a seasonal dermatitis condition that has bedeviled horses and their owners for centuries. It is actually a hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to the saliva of Culicoides midges or other biting insects seen mostly in the summer. Related to flea bit dermatitis in dogs, it causes the horse to swell at the site… Read More Horse Health: Sweet Itch

Horse Health: What is Rain Rot?

Rain Rot or Rain Scald I have seen many cases of Rain scald in horses in Texas – particularly this year (2015) due to the horrendous and constant rain brought about by El Nino in the Pacific. We have been subjected to many more than 40 days and 40 nights of rain this Spring. The… Read More Horse Health: What is Rain Rot?

Horse Health: Founder, Laminitis

Founder is a term frequently used to describe systemic laminitis. Laminitis usually follows some food-related metabolic disturbance within the horse and results in the partial dysfunction within the hoof. The coffin bone is pulled away from the hoof wall, causing severe pain and lameness. The laminate (tendons) are responsible for flexing and suspension of the… Read More Horse Health: Founder, Laminitis

Horse Health: Cushing’s Disease

A healthy horse’s coat changes in different times of the year. The summer coat is usually short and slick and shiny. It dries quickly and is easy to brush. Winter coat is generally comprised of two types of hair: one short and thick and warm, the other longer to provide an air space insulation against… Read More Horse Health: Cushing’s Disease

Horse Health: Bots, Botfly

The equine botfly uses the horse as an intermediate host for its own reproduction. The botfly lays its eggs during late summer and early fall. They prefer the insides of the front legs, cannon bone, knees, throat and nose of the horse where the animal will rub its nose and mouth to transfer the eggs to… Read More Horse Health: Bots, Botfly

Training Theory: Reinforcement Theory

Here are three of the basic psychological principles of learned response training. Pavlov’s Paired Response Conditioning: The now-famous story of Pavlov’s dogs demonstrates dramatically how one stimulus can take the place of another to elicit the same response. When the hungry hounds were fed their delectable meals, they salivated in anticipation of the repast. While… Read More Training Theory: Reinforcement Theory

Horse Anatomy: Withers

The withers are located above and just behind the horse’s shoulders where you would find the shoulder blades. They are the long thoracic vertebrae (roughly the 3rd through 11th) that support his head and neck. They are an important attachment point for the muscles of the torso.  The shoulder rotates freely backward, using the muscles attached… Read More Horse Anatomy: Withers

Horse Anatomy: Tongue

The tongue is a fat muscle that lies easily inside the bottom mouth cavity. When relaxed, it is flat and flaccid pressing gently against the roof of the mouth (palate). The bit sits across the tongue. In a relaxed state, the horse is able to gently “carry” the bit by holding it against his palate… Read More Horse Anatomy: Tongue